Bluthund Die Erziehung vom Bluthund
Der Bloodhound ist eine von der FCI anerkannte Hunderasse, deren Rassestandard in Belgien entwickelt wird. St. Hubertushund, Bluthund, Chien de Saint Hubert. Widerristhöhe: Rüden 68±4 cm. Hündinnen 62±4 cm. Gewicht: Rüden ≈ 46–54 kg. Hündinnen ≈ 40–48 kg. Liste der Haushunde. Der Bloodhound ist eine von der FCI anerkannte Hunderasse, deren Rassestandard in Belgien. Bluthund. Bedeutungen:  auf Menschen dressierte Hunde, meist Doggen; insbesondere von den Spaniern nach der Entdeckung Amerikas gegen die. Der Bluthund, im englischen Sprachraum besser als Bloodhound bekannt, zählt zur FCI-Gruppe 6 der Lauf- und Schweisshunde und hat seinen Ursprung in. Bluthunden wird auch nachgesagt, dass sie einer über 72 Stunden alten “kalten” Spur noch folgen können. In Amerika werden Bluthunde von der Polizei bei.
Ein reinrassiger Wachhund – der Bloodhound. Was ist eigentlich ein Bluthund? Bloodhound - Bluthund. Der Bloodhound gehört zu den ältesten Hunderassen der. Bluthund. Bedeutungen:  auf Menschen dressierte Hunde, meist Doggen; insbesondere von den Spaniern nach der Entdeckung Amerikas gegen die. - Erkunde hollsteins Pinnwand „Bluthund“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Bluthund, Hunde, Tiere.
Bluthund VideoBrienne of Tarth vs the Hound
The second gene determines coat pattern. It can produce animals with no saddle essentially all-tan, but called 'red' in bloodhounds ; ones with saddle-marking; or ones largely covered with darker black or liver pigment, except for tan lips, eyebrows, forechest and lower legs.
These last are sometimes referred to as 'blanket' or 'full-coat' types. In a pioneering study in  , Dennis Piper suggested 5 alleles in the pattern-marking gene, producing variants from the red or saddle-less hound through three different types of progressively greater saddle marking to the 'blanket' type.
However, more modern study  attributes the variation to 3 different alleles of the Agouti gene. A y produces the non saddle-marked "red" hound, A s produces saddle-marking, and a t produces the blanket or full-coat hound.
Of these A y is dominant, and a t is recessive to the others. The interaction of these variants of the two genes produces the six basic types shown below.
Another source does not recognise a s as a separate variant. Instead it says "a t includes tan point and saddle tan, both of which look tan point at birth.
Modifier genes in saddle tan puppies cause a gradual reduction of the black area until the saddle tan pattern is achieved. It is likely that a third gene determines whether or not there is a melanistic mask.
E m , the allele for a mask, is dominant over E, the allele for no mask. Compared to other purebred dogs, Bloodhounds suffer an unusually high rate of gastrointestinal ailments, with gastric dilatation volvulus bloat being the most common type of gastrointestinal problem.
Owners should be especially aware of the signs of bloat, which is both the most common illness and the leading cause of death of Bloodhounds.
The thick coat gives the breed the tendency to overheat quickly. Bloodhounds in a UK Kennel Club survey had a median longevity of 6.
The St. Hubert hound was, according to legend, first bred ca. It is held to be the ancestor of several other breeds, like the extinct Norman hound , and Saintongeois , and the modern Grand Bleu de Gascogne , Gascon Saintongeois , Ariegeois and Artois Normande , as well as the bloodhound.
It has been suggested that it was a dog of mixed breeding , not at all uniform in type. Whether they originated there, or what their ancestry was, is uncertain, but from ca.
They were not always highly thought of in the royal pack. Charles IX —74, preferred his white hounds and the larger Chiens-gris , and wrote that the St Huberts were suitable for people with gout to follow, but not for those who wished to shorten the life of the hunted animal.
He described them as pack-hounds of medium stature, long in the body, not well sprung in the rib, and of no great strength.
He says they have become mixed in breeding, so that they are now of all colours and widely distributed. To De Fouilloux the 'pure black' were the best of this mixed breed.
Both writers thought them only useful as leash hounds. They both refer to a white hound, also a St Hubert, which by their time had disappeared, having been interbred with another white hound, the greffier, to produce the king's preferred pack hound, sometimes called le chien blanc du roi , "the white dog of the king".
They appear to have been more highly thought of during the reign of Henry IV — , who presented a pack to James I of England.
By the end of the reign of Louis XIV , they were already rare. Upon the French Revolution of , the gifts ceased, and hunting in France went into a decline until the end of the Napoleonic wars.
When it recovered during the 19th Century, huntsmen, with many breeds to choose from, seem to have had little interest in the St Hubert.
An exception was Baron Le Couteulx de Canteleu, who tried to find them. He reported that there were hardly any in France, and those in the Ardennes were so cross-bred that they had lost the characteristics of the breed.
Writers on the bloodhound in the last two centuries generally agreed that the original St Hubert strain died out in the nineteenth century, and that the European St Hubert owes its present existence to the development of the Bloodhound.
References to bloodhounds first appear in English writing in the early to mid 14th century, in contexts that suggest the breed was well established by then.
That the Normans brought hounds from Europe during the post-Conquest period is virtually certain, but whether they included the Bloodhound itself, rather than merely its ancestors, is a matter of dispute that probably cannot be resolved on the basis of surviving evidence.
In Medieval hunting , the typical use of the Bloodhound was as a ' limer ', or 'lyam-hound', that is a dog handled on a leash or 'lyam', to find the hart or boar before it was hunted by the pack hounds raches.
It also seems that from the earliest times the Bloodhound was used to track people. There are stories written in Medieval Scotland of Robert the Bruce in , and William Wallace — being followed by 'sleuth-hounds'.
In the 16th century, John Caius ,  in the most important single source in the history of the Bloodhound, describes its hanging ears and lips, its use in game parks to follow the scent of blood, which gives it its name, its ability to track thieves and poachers by their foot scent, how it casts if it has lost the scent when thieves cross water, and its use on the Scottish borders to track cross-border raiders, known as Border Reivers.
This links it to the sleuth-hound,  and from Caius also comes the information that the English Bloodhound and the sleuth-hound were essentially the same, though the Bloodhound was slightly bigger, with more variation in coat colour.
The adjacent picture was published in Zurich in , in Conrad Gesner 's Thierbuch a compendium of animals with the captions: 'Englischen Blüthund' and 'Canis Sagax Sanguinarius apud Anglos' English scent-hound with associations of blood.
It was drawn by, or under the supervision of, John Caius, and sent to Gesner with other drawings to illustrate his descriptions of British dogs for European readers.
It is thus the earliest known picture published specifically to demonstrate the appearance of the Bloodhound. We are told it was done from life,  and detail such as the soft hang of the ear indicates it was carefully observed.
Fully accurate or not, it suggests changes between the Bloodhound of then and today. The collar and long coiled rope reflect the Bloodhound's typical functions as a limer or leashed man-trailer in that period.
The earliest known report of a trial of the Bloodhound's trailing abilities comes from the scientist Robert Boyle ,  who described how a Bloodhound tracked a man seven miles along a route frequented by people, and found him in an upstairs room of a house.
With the rise of fox-hunting, the decline of deer-hunting, and the extinction of the wild boar, as well as a more settled state of society, the use of the Bloodhound diminished.
It was kept by the aristocratic owners of a few deer-parks  and by a few enthusiasts,  with some variation in type, until its popularity began to increase again with the rise of dog-showing in the 19th Century.
Very few survived the Second World War , but the gene-pool has gradually been replenished with imports from America.
Nevertheless, because of UK quarantine restrictions, importing was expensive and difficult, throughout the 20th century, and in the post-war period exports to the US, and to Europe where the population had also been affected by the war, considerably exceeded imports.
During the later 19th century, numbers of Bloodhounds were imported from Britain by French enthusiasts, who regretted the extinction of the ancient St Hubert.
They wished to re-establish it, using the Bloodhound, which, despite its developments in Britain, they regarded as the St Hubert preserved unchanged.
Many of the finest specimens were bought and exhibited and bred in France as Chiens de S. Hubert, especially by Le Couteulx de Canteleu, who himself bred over Whatever few original St Huberts remained either died out or were absorbed into the new population.
In the mid 20th century the Brussels-based FCI accepted the claim of Belgium to be the country of origin. There are now annual celebrations in the town of Saint-Hubert, in which handlers in period dress parade their hounds.
When the first Bloodhounds were exported to the USA is not known. Bloodhounds were used to track runaway slaves before the American Civil War , but it has been questioned whether the dogs used were genuine Bloodhounds.
However, in the later part of the 19th century, and in the next, more pure Bloodhounds were introduced from Britain, and bred in America, especially after , when the English breeder, Edwin Brough, brought three of his hounds to exhibit at the Westminster KC show in New York City.
In Britain, there have been instances from time to time of the successful use of the Bloodhound to track criminals or missing people.
However man-trailing is enjoyed as a sport by British Bloodhound owners, through national working trials, and this enthusiasm has spread to Europe.
In addition, while the pure Bloodhound is used to hunt singly, bloodhound packs use bloodhounds crossed with foxhounds to hunt the human scent.
Meanwhile, the Bloodhound has become widely distributed internationally, though numbers are small in most countries, with more in the USA than anywhere else.
Following the spread of the Bloodhound from Britain in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, imports and exports and, increasingly, artificial insemination, are maintaining the world population as a common breeding stock, without a great deal of divergence in type in different countries.
During the late 19th century, Bloodhounds were frequent subjects for artists such as Edwin Landseer  and Briton Riviere ; the dogs depicted are close in appearance to modern Bloodhounds, indicating that the essential character of the Bloodhound predates modern dog breeding.
However, the dogs depicted by Landseer show less wrinkle and haw than modern dogs. Throughout most of its history the bloodhound was seen as a dog of English or Anglo-Scottish origin, either of unknown ancestry ,     or, more recently, as developed in part from the St.
Others, such as the sleuth-hound, the Talbot, the dun-hound  and the southern hound, as well as pack hounds, have also been supposed to have contributed to its make-up.
Some writers doubt whether anything certain can be said about specific breed ancestry beyond the last few centuries.
However, it is apparent from 16th century pictures that the bloodhound itself has changed considerably. The modern St Hubert is the English bloodhound, in descent and type.
Generally, national and regional variants of hounds, terriers, spaniels etc. Whether the bloodhound is British or Belgian in origin is ultimately not something one can prove historically, depending as it does on whether one chooses to regard two related animals differing in tradition, and history, and somewhat in type, as separate breeds, or variants of the same one.
Descriptions of the desirable physical qualities of a hunting hound go back to Medieval books on hunting.
Meanwhile, the Belgian or Dutch Comte Henri de Bylandt, or H A graaf van Bylandt, published Races des Chiens  in , a huge and very important illustrated compilation of breed descriptions, or standards.
In this French edition, the Bloodhound appears as the Chien de St Hubert, although the pictures illustrating the standard are all of British Bloodhounds, many of them those of Edwin Brough.
The book was revised and reprinted in four languages in , and in this edition the English text of the standard is that of the  Association of Bloodhound Breeders, while the French text is closely based on it.
However, the present FCI standard uses a quite different layout and wording. The AKC standard has hardly been altered from the original of , the principal change being that the colours, 'black and tan', 'red and tan', and 'tawny', have been renamed as 'black and tan', 'liver and tan', and 'red', but the British KC  has made considerable changes.
Some of these were simply matters of presentation and did not affect content. However, responding to the view that the requirements of some breed standards were potentially detrimental to the health or well-being of the animal, changes have been made affecting the required eye shape and the loose skin, the most recent revision being —9.
The word 'bloodhound' is recorded from c. This derives from an original suggestion of Le Couteulx de Canteleu   in the nineteenth century, which has been enthusiastically and uncritically espoused by later writers, perhaps because it absolved this undoubtedly good-natured dog from suggestions of blood-thirstiness.
Neither Le Couteulx nor anyone since has offered any historical evidence to support this view. The suggestion sometimes seen  that the word derives from 'blooded hound' is without basis, as the expression does not appear in early English, and 'blooded' in this meaning is not found before the late eighteenth century.
Before then, 'bloodhound' had been taken to mean, 'hound for blood', or 'blood-seeking hound'. This was the explanation put forward by John Caius,  who was one of the most learned men of his time, and had an interest in etymology, in the sixteenth century.
It is supported by considerable historical linguistic evidence, which can be gleaned from such sources as the Oxford English Dictionary OED : the fact that first uses of the word 'blood' to refer to good breeding in an animal post date the first use of 'bloodhound'; that other comparable uses, as in 'blood-horse' and 'blood-stock' appear many centuries later; and that derogatory uses of the word 'bloodhound', which any suggestion of noble breeding would sadly weaken, appear from as early as c The Bloodhound's physical characteristics account for its ability to follow a scent-trail left several days in the past.
The large, long pendent ears serve to prevent wind from scattering nearby skin cells while the dog's nose is on the ground; the folds of wrinkled flesh under the lips and neck — called the shawl — serve to catch stray scent-particles in the air or on a nearby branch as the bloodhound is scenting, reinforcing the scent in the dog's memory and nose.
There are many accounts of bloodhounds successfully following trails many hours, and even several days old,   the record being of a family found dead in Oregon, in , over hours after they had gone missing.
In America, sticking close to the footsteps is called 'tracking', while the freer method is known as 'trailing' in the UK, 'hunting' , and is held to reflect the bloodhound's concentration on the individual human scent, rather than that of, say, vegetation crushed by the feet of the quarry.
The leash is at least long enough to allow the hound to cross freely in front of the handler, some handlers preferring quite a short leash, giving better communication with the hound, others liking something longer, maybe twenty or thirty feet.
It is generally agreed that the basis of initial training is to make the experience enjoyable for the puppy or young hound, to keep its enthusiasm high.
Even though familiar with the scent of the 'runner', it can be given a scent-article to sniff, and given the command to follow. It can also be introduced to the tracking harness, which is put on just before the trail starts, and removed as soon as it is finished.
On reaching the runner the puppy is given lavish praise and perhaps a reward. Generally in training the handler must know exactly where the runner went, so that he does not encourage the hound when it is wrong, or 'correct' it when it is on the scent,   but he should not be too ready with his corrections if the hound goes astray, or it may come to rely on him.
He should give the hound time to realise its mistake and put itself right, if possible. As training progresses the handler learns to 'read' his hound's behaviour.
The hound must trust its nose and the handler must trust the hound. From early hot trails on a familiar person, the young hound progresses to colder trails on the scents of strangers.
Later training can be designed to teach particular lessons: crossing trails with false scents, having the runner start out with a companion, who leaves him somewhere along the trail, laying a trail on ground frequented by wild animals.
This will teach the hound not to change on to other humans, or riot on animal scents known as 'staying clean' [US], or 'freedom from change' [UK].
Canine identification of a suspect can help police with their inquiries, and evidence of identification is accepted in some courts.
Many bloodhounds reaching the end of a trail will show no interest in the person they have been trailing, and are difficult to train to identify.
Leon Whitney recommended a method of initial training in which identification was the first thing learned,  based on giving the young hound a scent-article from someone who walks a very short distance out of sight into a barn, where he stands with a piece of liver, while another person, also smelling of liver, stands nearby.
The hound is led along the 'trail', and if it shows an inclination to go to the wrong person, it is chastised, but it gets the liver if it goes to the right one.
When the hound goes to the right person almost infallibly, the number of people is increased, making the choice more difficult, and eventually the brief walks are extended into full trails.
A common misconception is that Bloodhounds are employed in packs; while this is sometimes the case in Britain, where foxhound blood is mixed into them to increase speed, in North America, Bloodhounds are used as solitary trackers.
Dieser sanfte, intelligente und anhängliche Hund hat feines kurzes Haar in den Farben zweifarbig schwarz und loh , zweifarbig leberfarben und loh oder einfarbig rot.
Die Ohren sind sehr lang, dünn und reichen bis über die Nasenspitze. Vom Bloodhound wird gesagt, dass er die weltbeste Hundenase habe.
Beim Einsatz als Fährtenhund kann er oft noch unter ungünstigsten Bedingungen eine tagealte Spur aufnehmen und verfolgen. Der Rassestandard beschreibt den idealen Bloodhound als sanftmütig, ruhig, freundlich und umgänglich mit Menschen sowie besonders stark auf seinen Herrn geprägt.
Der Bloodhound ist ein Lauf- und Meutehund für Hochwild. Bluthund,Bloodhound Chien de St Hubert. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.
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