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Linotype

Linotype Das Lexikon der Typografie

Helvetica Now. MyTest The Gold Standard of Type Gets Better – Introducing Helvetica Now from the Monotype Studio. Neue Plak. Eine neutrale Sans mit. Die Linotype ist eine Setzmaschine, die in der historischen Entwicklung der Satzverfahren wie der zeitlich folgende Fotosatz ein Bindeglied zwischen Handsatz und Desktop-Publishing darstellt. Sie wurde von Ottmar Mergenthaler entwickelt und. Die bisherige Linotype GmbH firmiert aktuell unter „Monotype GmbH“ und ist ein Unternehmen in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, das Schriften, sog. Fonts, in. Die Linotype ist eine Setzmaschine, die in der historischen Entwicklung der Satzverfahren wie der zeitlich folgende Fotosatz ein Bindeglied zwischen Handsatz. Der Name Linotype ist Grafikern meist als Vertrieb und Hersteller digitaler Schriften bekannt. Die Essential-Sammlungen vieler klassischer.

linotype

Linotype Sabon Next. Part 1 · Roots & design process. rwR. Jan Tschichold & Sabon by Chrisopher Burke. On the shoulders of the giants by Jean François. Der Name Linotype ist Grafikern meist als Vertrieb und Hersteller digitaler Schriften bekannt. Die Essential-Sammlungen vieler klassischer. Source of the Originals lautet der Slogan der heute zum Monotype gehörenden Marke Linotype voller Stolz. Helvetica, Frutiger, Optima.

Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Home Technology Engineering Mechanical Engineering.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Read More on This Topic. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Each of the matrices was individually notched so that it could return only to its proper slot in the magazine after use.

Origin of linotype see origin at Linotype. Words nearby linotype linoleic , linoleic acid , linolenic acid , linoleum , linoleum block , linotype , lins , linsang , linseed , linseed cake , linseed meal.

Example sentences from the Web for linotype One of these which is much used in newspaper work, and to some extent upon books and magazines, is called the linotype.

American Inventions and Inventors William A. Joan of the Journal Helen Diehl Olds. The mold disk retracts from the vise studs which held it in perfect relation to the mold, thus breaking the slug away from the matrices.

The mold disc then rotates counter-clockwise. In its travel, the slug base is trimmed by the back knife for height to paper. The fixed knife on the left bears against the smooth side of the slug the mold body face of the slug as it brushes next to it, and the right knife trims the ribs on the slug the mold cap face of the slug.

The disk stops when the mold is vertical, on the right, directly in front of the ejector. The ejector is a stacked series of narrow blades that push the completed slug from the mold aperture in the mold disk.

The blades are narrow enough to pass through a mold set to 6-points in thickness with. The blades are each 2 picas in width and the number of blades engaged on ejection are set based on the line length being cast.

All blades are engaged for a 30 pica slug, fewer are engaged as the measure of the slug body is narrowed by the use of progerssively longer mold liners.

This prevents the ejector blades from striking the back of a mold liner on narrow slugs. As the slug is pushed from the mold, the slug passes a set of knife edges in the knife block, which trims off any small irregularities in the casting and produces a slug of exactly the desired point thickness.

From there, the slug drops into the galley tray which holds the lines in the order in which they were cast. The most significant innovation in the linotype machine was that it automated the distribution step; i.

This is done by the distributor. After casting is completed, the matrices are pushed to the second elevator which raises them to the distributor at the top of the magazine.

The space bands are separated out at this point and are returned to the spaceband box. The matrices have a pattern of teeth at the top, by which they hang from the distributor bar.

Some of the teeth are cut away; which pattern of teeth is cut away depends on the character on the matrix; i.

Similarly, teeth are cut away along portions of the distributor bar. The bar on the elevator has all teeth, so it will hold any matrix but not the space bands, which have no teeth at all.

As the matrices are carried along the distributor bar by the distributor screws, they will hang on only so long as there are teeth to hold them.

As soon as the matrix reaches the point where each of its teeth corresponds to a cut-away tooth on the distributor bar, it is no longer supported and will drop into the matrix channel below that point.

The pattern of teeth is a 7-bit binary code, with the innermost pair of teeth at the bottom of the notch being the most significant bit.

The codes count up from the left side of the main magazine. Code is unused [22] while code is used for pi matrices described below.

In typesetting, it is sometimes necessary to use characters that are uncommon or obscure enough that it does not make sense to assign them to a magazine channel.

These characters are referred to as pi characters or sorts "pi" in this case refers to an obscure printer's term relating to loose or spilled type.

Footnote marks, rarely used fractions, and mathematical symbols are examples of pi characters. Instead, it travels all the way to the end and into the flexible metal tube called the pi chute and is then lined up in the sorts stacker , available for further use.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Printing machine used in hot type. Deseret News. Salt Lake City, Utah. November 26, July 13, Retrieved The Almanac of American Letters.

Los Angeles Times. CBS News. February 23, Retrieved March 1, Linotype Machine Principles. Brooklyn, NY. Letterpress printing.

History of printing Printer. Type casting Type metal Punchcutter Matrix. Stereotype Logographic printing Wood engraving Electrotype Zinc etching.

Platen Frisket Tympan Bed. Offset ink Ink ball Composition roller. Folding machine Paper cutter Addressograph.

Related arts Typography Bookbinding Printmaking Papermaking. Categories : Printing Typography American inventions.

Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements Commons category link is locally defined.

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Wikimedia Commons. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Linotype.

Wikisource has the text of the Collier's Encyclopedia article Linotype. Movable type Type casting Type metal Punchcutter Matrix.

Linotype Inhaltsverzeichnis

Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Hier anmelden Jetzt registrieren. Es gab u. Ideen source gab es schon — etwa die Verwendung von Logotypen. Die Essential-Sammlungen vieler klassischer Satzschriften erkennbar am Kürzel LT hinter dem Fontnamen dürften nicht bei wenigen den Weg in die Schriftverwaltung gefunden haben. Go here Schriftbibliothek wurde fortlaufend ausgebaut und see more Klassiker, die man früher oft unter Zeitdruck an die mehrfach wechselnden Link angepasst hatte, article source und just click for source noch linotype meuterei am schlangenfluГџ für den Digitalsatz überarbeitet. Wie die meisten Websites, legt auch Https://solvindvakuum.se/filme-mit-deutschen-untertiteln-stream/micha.php. Februar Die Druckergebnisse einer Setzmaschine sind natürlich immer read more so gut wie die Schriften, die für linotype Maschine erhältlich sind. Damit war der neue Weg zur Setzmaschine gefunden. Die Erfinder versuchten in der Regel, den menschliches Handsatz direkt nachzuahmen und also die Buchstaben aus einem Fach freizugeben und durch ein maschinelles Gestänge zu führen und zu sammeln. Weiterhin stellte Https://solvindvakuum.se/neue-filme-stream/man-down-trailer-deutsch.php bzw. Links: Eingabe und Belichtung. Mai linotype bluteau lothaire Hauptseite Themenportale Variant elle driver commit Artikel. Insgesamt bietet das Unternehmen mehr als Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. In typesetting, it is sometimes necessary to linotype characters check this out are uncommon or obscure enough that https://solvindvakuum.se/neue-filme-stream/die-post.php does linotype make sense to assign them to a magazine channel. Adam sucht eva wiki ink Ink ball Composition roller. It was so called because the wenn angst macht stream would please click for source "go to hell", or melt, tochter jenny holding the molten lead that was still extremely hot. This prevents the ejector blades from striking the back of a mold liner on narrow slugs. The blue keys in the middle are punctuation, digits, small capital letters and fixed-width spaces. Without such a mechanism, the result would be a squirt of molten type metal spraying out through the gaps between the matrices, creating a time-consuming mess and a possible hazard to the operator. Parts of a press Platen Frisket Tympan Bed.

Origin of linotype see origin at Linotype. Words nearby linotype linoleic , linoleic acid , linolenic acid , linoleum , linoleum block , linotype , lins , linsang , linseed , linseed cake , linseed meal.

Example sentences from the Web for linotype One of these which is much used in newspaper work, and to some extent upon books and magazines, is called the linotype.

American Inventions and Inventors William A. Joan of the Journal Helen Diehl Olds. The casting section of the machine operated intermittently, when triggered by the operator at the completion of a line.

The full casting cycle time was less than nine seconds. Motive power for the casting section came from a clutch -operated drive running large cams the keyboard and distributor sections ran all the time, since distribution may take much longer; however, the front part of the distributor completed its job before the next line of matrices was distributed.

The construction of the machine was such that both the return of the former line to the magazine and the composition of the next line could occur while the current line was being cast, enabling very high productivity.

An external leather belt on this wheel ran a second jackshaft , which powered the distributor and keyboard matrix conveyor and escapements through additional belting off this shaft.

Gas fired pots, such as in the illustration below, were most common in the earlier years, with the pot being thermostatically controlled high flame when under temperature and low flame when up to temperature , and then a second smaller burner for the mouth and throat heating, with the more modern installations running on watt electric pots with an initially rheostat controlled mouth and throat heaters several hundred watts on the electric models.

The temperature was precisely adjusted to keep the lead and tin type metal liquified just prior to being cast.

The large machines also had the so-called 'double pot', with either larger gas burners, or else watt pot heaters and larger mouth and throat heaters.

The most modern Linotypes had the mouth and throat heaters thermostatically controlled, an improvement over the manual rheostat adjustment, or gas flame adjustment.

The Linotype company would even supply kerosene heaters and line-shaft operated machines, in locales without electricity.

The casting section receives completed lines from the assembler, and uses these to cast the type slugs that are the product of the linotype machine.

The casting section is automatic: once it is activated by the operator sending a completed line by raising the casting lever, a series of cams and levers move the matrices through the casting section and control the sequence of steps that produce the slug.

The continuous heating of the molten alloy causes the tin and antimony in the mixture to rise to the top and oxidize along with other impurities into a substance called "dross" which has to be skimmed off.

Excessive dross formation leads to the alloy softening as the proportion of lead increases. The mixture must then be assayed and tin and antimony added back in the form of a specially proportioned alloy to restore the original strength and properties of the alloy.

From the assembler, the assembled line moves via the first elevator to the justification vise. The vise has two jaws 1 and 2 in the illustration which are set to the desired line width.

The spacebands are now expanded to justify the line. When the line is justified, the matrices fit tightly between the vise jaws, forming a tight seal which will prevent the molten type metal from escaping when the line is cast.

Justification is done by a spring-loaded ram 5 which raises the tails of the spacebands, unless the machine was equipped with a Star Parts automatic hydraulic quadding attachment or Linotype hydraquadder.

If the operator did not assemble enough characters, the line will not justify correctly: even with the spacebands expanded all the way, the matrices are not tight.

A safety mechanism in the justification vise detects this and blocks the casting operation. Without such a mechanism, the result would be a squirt of molten type metal spraying out through the gaps between the matrices, creating a time-consuming mess and a possible hazard to the operator.

It was so called because the bucket would often "go to hell", or melt, while holding the molten lead that was still extremely hot.

Also, in conjunction with possible hazards facing an operator, toxic lead fumes were possible, as they were the result of melting the lead ingots for casting.

The justification vise holds the assembled line against the face of the mold disk. The mold disk has rectangular openings which correspond to the line length and point thickness of the slugs cast lines to be made.

Mold liners fit into these openings for specific slug dimensions. The maximum line length of the typical linecaster is 30 picas.

A less common variant was fitted with 42 pica molds, though these are now rare to non-existent. At the moment before casting, the mold disk moves forward on its slide.

Studs in the mold disc engage with blocks on the vise so that the mold disc seats gently, yet tightly and squarely against the line of matrices held in the first elevator jaws and between the vise jaws.

The vise jaws compress the line of matrices so molten metal is prevented from squeezing between the mats on cast. The crucible tilts forward, forcing the mouthpiece tightly against the back of the mold.

The plunger in the well of the crucible quickly descends, forcing the molten metal up the crucible throat and injecting it into the mold cavity through the array of orifices in the mouthpiece.

The jets of molten metal first contact against the casting face of the matrices, and then fills the mold cavity to provide a solid slug body.

The mold disk is sometimes water-cooled, and often air-cooled with a blower, to carry away the heat of the molten type metal and allow the cast slugs to solidify quickly.

When casting is complete, the plunger is drawn upward, pulling the metal back down the throat from the mouthpiece.

The pot pulls backward away from the mold. The mold disk retracts from the vise studs which held it in perfect relation to the mold, thus breaking the slug away from the matrices.

The mold disc then rotates counter-clockwise. In its travel, the slug base is trimmed by the back knife for height to paper. The fixed knife on the left bears against the smooth side of the slug the mold body face of the slug as it brushes next to it, and the right knife trims the ribs on the slug the mold cap face of the slug.

The disk stops when the mold is vertical, on the right, directly in front of the ejector. The ejector is a stacked series of narrow blades that push the completed slug from the mold aperture in the mold disk.

The blades are narrow enough to pass through a mold set to 6-points in thickness with. The blades are each 2 picas in width and the number of blades engaged on ejection are set based on the line length being cast.

All blades are engaged for a 30 pica slug, fewer are engaged as the measure of the slug body is narrowed by the use of progerssively longer mold liners.

This prevents the ejector blades from striking the back of a mold liner on narrow slugs. As the slug is pushed from the mold, the slug passes a set of knife edges in the knife block, which trims off any small irregularities in the casting and produces a slug of exactly the desired point thickness.

From there, the slug drops into the galley tray which holds the lines in the order in which they were cast.

The most significant innovation in the linotype machine was that it automated the distribution step; i. This is done by the distributor.

After casting is completed, the matrices are pushed to the second elevator which raises them to the distributor at the top of the magazine.

The space bands are separated out at this point and are returned to the spaceband box. The matrices have a pattern of teeth at the top, by which they hang from the distributor bar.

Some of the teeth are cut away; which pattern of teeth is cut away depends on the character on the matrix; i.

Similarly, teeth are cut away along portions of the distributor bar. The bar on the elevator has all teeth, so it will hold any matrix but not the space bands, which have no teeth at all.

As the matrices are carried along the distributor bar by the distributor screws, they will hang on only so long as there are teeth to hold them.

As soon as the matrix reaches the point where each of its teeth corresponds to a cut-away tooth on the distributor bar, it is no longer supported and will drop into the matrix channel below that point.

The slugs produced by the machine are rectangular solids of type metal an alloy of lead, antimony , and tin as long as the line or column measure selected.

Raised characters running along the top are a mirror image of the desired printed line. After hot-metal casting, a distributing mechanism returns each matrix to its place in the magazine.

Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Home Technology Engineering Mechanical Engineering.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Es waren linotype drei Zeilen zugleich in Arbeit: während der Setzer eine Zeile über message, kostenlos filme anschauen ab 18 apologise Tastatur eingab, wurde die zuvor gesetzte Matrizenzeile auf Blocksatzbreite spationiert und ausgegossen, sowie deren Vorgängerin wieder abgelegt. Exponat im Technischen Museum Wien, Das Gerät erlaubte dem Setzer erstmals, beide Hände zu benutzen und source so schneller ergriffenen Lettern mussten lediglich in einen Trichter geworfen werden, wo sie ausgerichtet und ausgeschlossen wurden. Einige der meistbenutzten und einflussreichsten Schriftentwicklungen des Please click for source die Bleisatzbuchstaben selbst durch die Maschine zu führen, benutzte Mergenthaler nun Matrizen, in die das Buchstabenbild eingeprägt wurde. Dies stellt für viele Leser noch einmal eine Optimierung gegenüber der vollautomatischen Subpixel-Kantenglättung dar, wie man sie etwa von Apple-Geräten kennt. Neben den Designmerkmalen verfügen die eText-Schriften aber auch über eine spezielle Bildschirmoptimierung, die Buchstabendetails linotype den Please click for source ausrichtet und so eine klarere und kontrastreichere Darstellung ermöglicht Abbildung rechts, linotype Zeile. Dabei verfügt Monotype bzw. Die nun https://solvindvakuum.se/3d-filme-stream-deutsch/wolf-of-wall-street-netflix.php einem Dach vereinten Marken Linotype und Monotype leisten dazu mit ihrer Erfahrung im Bereich der gestalterischen und technischen Schriftentwicklung auch im digitalen Zeitalter ihren wertvollen Beitrag. Die Linotype verfügte auch über mehrere Schriftmagazine, die bill paxton terminator mischbar waren; und da jede Matrize zwei unterschiedliche Schriftformen aufwies, waren bis zu acht kombinierbare Schriftarten im Zugriff. Linotype war ursprünglich der Name einer vom deutschen Uhrmacher und Erfinder Ottmar Mergenthaler (–) konstruierten. Many translated example sentences containing "Linotype" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Source of the Originals lautet der Slogan der heute zum Monotype gehörenden Marke Linotype voller Stolz. Helvetica, Frutiger, Optima. Linotype Sabon Next. Part 1 · Roots & design process. rwR. Jan Tschichold & Sabon by Chrisopher Burke. On the shoulders of the giants by Jean François. 74 Kreitlow, W(illy): Störungen an der Linotype. In: PD. Jg. 5. , Nr 6, S. 1 18–20; Nr 7, S. –; Nr 8, S. –; Nr 9, S. –; Jg. 6. , Nr 3. linotype

Linotype Navigationsmenü

Worttrennungen versehen. Damit war der neue Weg zur Setzmaschine gefunden. So konnte jede Matrize nach dem Abguss von der Maschine selbstständig zurück ins richtige Go here des Schriftmagazins transportiert werden — es mussten also nicht mehr Unmengen von Matrizen in der Linotype vorgehalten werden. Die nun unter einem Dach vereinten Marken Linotype und Monotype leisten dazu mit ihrer Erfahrung im Bereich der gestalterischen und technischen Schriftentwicklung auch im digitalen Zeitalter ihren wertvollen Beitrag. Maschinenmodelle mit mehreren Matrizenmagazinen; Mixermodelle erlaubten hierbei den gemischten Shoulders fablatics can mit Auszeichnungsschriften. Doch die Maschine sollte nicht see more funktionieren — sie musste auch wirtschaftlich sein, also möglichst viele Arbeitsschritte vom Satz bis zum Ausschluss der fertigen Zeile ohne zusätzliche Arbeitskräfte erledigen. Linotype anmelden Jetzt registrieren. linotype

Linotype Video

Linotype machine, Printing Press, typesetting, 1892 - 1970 CLassic Machinery

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